What is dry skin?

Dry skin is caused by excessive or rapid loss of moisture from the skin.Several factors contribute to dry skin:

  • Impaired barrier function of the stratum corneum (the outer layer of the skin) is perhaps the most significant cause of moisture loss from the skin
  • Exposure to dry environments (i.e., those caused by air conditioning, arid environments or low humidity during the winter months) will leach out moisture from the skin
  • Heredity may contribute to dry skin
  • Environmental factors (air pollution, sun light, make-up)
  • Certain dermatological conditions such as Eczema, Seborrheic Dermatitis (Dandruff of the face) and Psoriasis
  • Normal aging of the skin reduces the barrier function
  • Stress